每日聖言靜思 常年期第十六主日 7月17日

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

讀經一 智12:13, 16-19   詠86
讀經二 羅8:26-27
主日福音  瑪13:24-43

耶穌給群眾講了另一個比喻說:
「天國好像一個人,在自己田裡,撒了好種子;但在人睡覺的時候,他的仇人來了,在麥子中間,撒上莠子,就走了。
「苗長起來,抽出穗的時候,莠子也顯出來了。家主的僕人,就來對家主說:主人!你不是在你田地裡,撒了好種子嗎?那麼,從那裡來了莠子?家主對僕人說:這是仇人做的。僕人對家主說:那麼,你願意我們去把莠子收集起來嗎?家主卻說:不,免得你們收集莠子時,連麥子也拔了出來。讓兩樣一起長到收割的時候吧!在收割時,我要對收割的人說:你們先收集莠子,把莠子捆起來,燒掉;再把麥子收入我的倉裡。」
耶穌給群眾另設一個比喻說:「天國好像一粒芥子,人把它撒在自己的田裡。它固然是各樣種子中最小的,但當它生長起來,卻比各種蔬菜都大,竟成了樹,甚至天上的飛鳥飛來,在它的枝上棲息。」
耶穌又給群眾講了一個比喻:「天國好像酵母,女人取來,藏在三斗麵裡,直到全部發了酵。」
耶穌用比喻,給群眾講解了這一切;不用比喻,就不給他們講什麼;這樣應驗了先知所說的話:「我要開口說比喻,要說出創世以來隱密的事。」
那時,耶穌離開了群眾,來到家裡;他的門徒就前來,對他說:「請把田間莠子的比喻,給我們講解一下!」
耶穌就回答說:「那撒好種子的,就是人子;田就是世界;好種子,即是天國的子民;莠子即是邪惡的子民;那撒莠子的仇人,即是魔鬼;收穫時期,即是今世的終結;收割者即是天使。
「就如將莠子收集起來,用火焚燒,在今世終結時,也將是如此:人子要差遣他的天使,由他的國內,將一切使人跌倒的事,及作惡的人,收集起來,扔到火窯裡;在那裡要有哀號和切齒。那時,義人要在他們父的國裡,發光如同太陽。
「有耳的,聽吧!」

默 想

  • 這段主日福音,描述了耶穌曾說的對天國的三個比喻,每一個都非常值得我們深思、默想。
  • 耶穌從來不會說天國是什麼,祂愛用比喻,指天國好比什麼。我們透過每一個比喻,嘗試領略天國是什麼。
  • 現實情況裡,「麥子」和「莠子」必定混雜在一起,若要勉強將「莠子」收集,反倒影響甚至破壞了「麥子」。
  • 儘管接受兩者均同樣存在的事實,「麥子」自會繼續茁壯成長,即使它身邊常有「莠子」。
  • 基督事件正顯示天國已經來到,卻尚未完成,有待我們共同參與,跟上主合作,建設人間天國。人世間仍然充滿苦難、邪惡的勢力,一如「麥子」和「莠子」的並存。因此,我們要警醒準備,一邊廂小心身處周遭的「莠子」,另一邊廂在主內建立與祂的美好關係,繼續作一個成長成熟的基督徒,不受「莠子」所困。
  • 要做到這一點,必須長久地保持與祂那份連繫,如葡萄枝子與葡萄樹的緊密相連,葡萄才得以健康地吸取養份,不致凋謝。

──準備心神.參與主日感恩祭──

主日講道 – 常年期第十六主日 (2011年7月17日)

恭讀聖瑪竇福音 13:24-43
那時候,耶穌給群眾講了另一個比喻說:
「天國好像一個人,在自己田裡,撒了好種子;但在人睡覺的時候,他的仇人來了,在麥子中間,撒上莠子,就走了。
「苗長起來,抽出穗的時候,莠子也顯出來了。家主的僕人,就來對家主說:主人!你不是在你田地裡,撒了好種子嗎?那麼,從那裡來了莠子?家主對僕人說:這是仇人做的。僕人對家主說:那麼,你願意我們去把莠子收集起來嗎?家主卻說:不,免得你們收集莠子時,連麥子也拔了出來。讓兩樣一起長到收割的時候吧!在收割時,我要對收割的人說:你們先收集莠子,把莠子捆起來,燒掉;再把麥子收入我的倉裡。」
耶穌給群眾另設一個比喻說:「天國好像一粒芥子,人把它撒在自己的田裡。它固然是各樣種子中最小的,但當它生長起來,卻比各種蔬菜都大,竟成了樹,甚至天上的飛鳥飛來,在它的枝上棲息。」
耶穌又給群眾講了一個比喻:「天國好像酵母,女人取來,藏在三斗麵裡,直到全部發了酵。」
耶穌用比喻,給群眾講解了這一切;不用比喻,就不給他們講什麼;這樣應驗了先知所說的話:「我要開口說比喻,要說出創世以來隱密的事。」
那時,耶穌離開了群眾,來到家裡;他的門徒就前來,對他說:「請把田間莠子的比喻,給我們講解一下!」
耶穌就回答說:「那撒好種子的,就是人子;田就是世界;好種子,即是天國的子民;莠子即是邪惡的子民;那撒莠子的仇人,即是魔鬼;收穫時期,即是今世的終結;收割者即是天使。
「就如將莠子收集起來,用火焚燒,在今世終結時,也將是如此:人子要差遣他的天使,由他的國內,將一切使人跌倒的事,及作惡的人,收集起來,扔到火窯裡;在那裡要有哀號和切齒。那時,義人要在他們父的國裡,發光如同太陽。
「有耳的,聽吧!」
—基督的福音。

(16th Sunday in Ordinary Time)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to Matthew 13:24-43

24 Another parable he put before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also. 27 And the servants of the householder came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then has it weeds?’ 28 He said to them, `An enemy has done this.’ The servants said to him, `Then do you want us to go and gather them?’ 29 But he said, `No; lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'”
31 Another parable he put before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field; 32 it is the smallest of all seeds, but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.” 33 He told them another parable. “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened.” 34 All this Jesus said to the crowds in parables; indeed he said nothing to them without a parable. 35 This was to fulfil what was spoken by the prophet: “I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter what has been hidden since the foundation of the world.”
36 Then he left the crowds and went into the house. And his disciples came to him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field.” 37 He answered, “He who sows the good seed is the Son of man; 38 the field is the world, and the good seed means the sons of the kingdom; the weeds are the sons of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40 Just as the weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the close of the age. 41 The Son of man will send his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, 42 and throw them into the furnace of fire; there men will weep and gnash their teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

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