神父講道 – 常年期第十九週 (週一) (2012年8月13日)

恭讀聖瑪竇福音 17:22-27

當耶穌同門徒在加里肋亞周遊時,耶穌對他們說:「人子將被交於人們手中。他們要殺害他,第三天他必要復活。」門徒就非常憂鬱。
他們來到葛法翁時,收殿稅的人來對伯多祿跟前說:「你們的師傅不納殿稅嗎?」伯多祿說:「當然納稅。」他一進到屋裏,耶穌就先對他說:「西滿!你以為怎樣?地上的君王向誰徵收關稅或丁稅呢?向自己的兒子,或是向外人?」伯多祿說:「向外人。」耶穌對他說:「所以兒子是免稅的了。但是,為避免冒犯他們,你往海邊去垂釣,拿釣上來的第一條魚,開了它的口,就會找到一塊「斯塔特」。拿去交給他們,當作我和你的殿稅。」

—上主的話。

(19th Week in Ordinary Time – Monday)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to Matthew 17:22-27

22 As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, 23 and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day.” And they were greatly distressed. 24 When they came to Caper’na-um, the collectors of the half-shekel tax went up to Peter and said, “Does not your teacher pay the tax?” 25 He said, “Yes.” And when he came home, Jesus spoke to him first, saying, “What do you think, Simon? From whom do kings of the earth take toll or tribute? From their sons or from others?” 26 And when he said, “From others,” Jesus said to him, “Then the sons are free. 27 However, not to give offense to them, go to the sea and cast a hook, and take the first fish that comes up, and when you open its mouth you will find a shekel; take that and give it to them for me and for yourself.”

—The Gospel of the Lord.

往神父講道目錄

每日聖言靜思 常年期第十九週 (週一) 8月13日

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

瑪17:22-27    (讀經 ── 則1:2-5, 24-28   詠148)
當耶穌同門徒在加里肋亞周遊時,耶穌對他們說:「人子將被交於人們手中。他們要殺害他,第三天他必要復活。」門徒就非常憂鬱。
他們來到葛法翁時,收殿稅的人來對伯多祿跟前說:「你們的師傅不納殿稅嗎?」伯多祿說:「當然納稅。」他一進到屋裡,耶穌就先對他說:「西滿!你以為怎樣?地上的君王向誰徵收關稅或丁稅呢?向自己的兒子,或是向外人?」伯多祿說:「向外人。」耶穌對他說:「所以兒子是免稅的了。但是,為避免冒犯他們,你往海邊去垂釣,拿釣上來的第一條魚,開了它的口,就會找到一塊「斯塔特」。拿去交給他們,當作我和你的殿稅。」

默 想

  • 這個故事,是瑪竇的獨家報導。很明顯,瑪竇要強調耶穌的君王身分。
  • 但是,瑪竇把這故事安排在耶穌論及自己死亡後而敍述,想表明這是一個為他人而死的君王。這君王不是受人服侍,而是為人服侍,甚至付上生命的君王。
  • 這種描述有很強的張力,是聖史幾十年後反省的成果。耶穌,必定是君王,但這君王又為人而死,違反世間君王的慣例:人民為保衛君王生命而戰。
  • 瑪竇是想說,耶穌這天國君王和人間君王不一樣;我們做祂的子民,也要和人世間的普通子民不一樣。