神父講道 – 常年期第二十一週 (週一) (2014年8月25日)

恭讀聖瑪竇福音 23:13-22

那時候,耶穌對民眾和他的門徒講論說:「禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!因為你們給人封閉了天國!你們不進去,也不讓願意進去的人進去。【禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!你們吞沒了寡婦的家產,而以長久的祈禱作掩飾,為此你們必受更重的處罰。】
「禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!因為你們走遍了海洋和陸地,為使一個人成為皈依者;幾時他成了,你們反而使他成為一個比你們加倍壞的『地獄之子』。
「禍哉,你們瞎眼的嚮導!你們說:誰若指著聖所起誓,不算什麼;但是誰若指著聖所的金子起誓,就該還願。又昏又瞎的人啊!究竟什麼更貴重:是金子或是那使金子成聖的聖所?還有:誰若指著全燔祭壇起誓,不算什麼;但是誰若指著那上面的供物起誓,就該還願。瞎眼的人啊!究竟什麼更貴重:是供物或是那使供物成聖的全燔祭壇?所以,那指著全燔祭壇起誓的,是指著它和那上面的一切起誓;那指著聖所起誓的,是指著那住在它內的而起誓;那指著天起誓的,是指著天主的寶座和坐在上面的那位起誓。」

—上主的話。

(21st Week in Ordinary Time – Monday)

A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to Matthew 23:13-22

13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither enter yourselves, nor allow those who would enter to go in. 15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you traverse sea and land to make a single proselyte, and when he becomes a proselyte, you make him twice as much a child of hell as yourselves. 16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, `If any one swears by the temple, it is nothing; but if any one swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.’ 17 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that has made the gold sacred? 18 And you say, `If any one swears by the altar, it is nothing; but if any one swears by the gift that is on the altar, he is bound by his oath.’ 19 You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred? 20 So he who swears by the altar, swears by it and by everything on it; 21 and he who swears by the temple, swears by it and by him who dwells in it; 22 and he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.

—The Gospel of the Lord.

往神父講道目錄

每日聖言靜思 常年期第二十一週 (週一) 8月25日

信仰生活互動坊、塔冷通心靈書舍

瑪23:13-22  (得後1:1-5, 11-12  詠96)

耶穌對民眾和他的門徒講論說:「禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!因為你們給人封閉了天國!你們不進去,也不讓願意進去的人進去。【禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!你們吞沒了寡婦的家產,而以長久的祈禱作掩飾,為此你們必受更重的處罰。】
「禍哉,你們經師和法利塞假善人!因為你們走遍了海洋和陸地,為使一個人成為皈依者;幾時他成了,你們反而使他成為一個比你們加倍壞的『地獄之子』。
「禍哉,你們瞎眼的嚮導!你們說:誰若指著聖所起誓,不算什麼;但是誰若指著聖所的金子起誓,就該還願。又昏又瞎的人啊!究竟什麼更貴重:是金子或是那使金子成聖的聖所?還有:誰若指著全燔祭壇起誓,不算什麼;但是誰若指著那上面的供物起誓,就該還願。瞎眼的人啊!究竟什麼更貴重:是供物或是那使供物成聖的全燔祭壇?所以,那指著全燔祭壇起誓的,是指著它和那上面的一切起誓;那指著聖所起誓的,是指著那住在它內的而起誓;那指著天起誓的,是指著天主的寶座和坐在上面的那位起誓。」

默 想

  • 有學者指出,其實法利塞人並不都是偽善者,當中有一大部分其實真的嚴守律例,堅守對上主的盟約。
  • 當然,事實上有部分法利塞人真的是假善人。而這些假善人就是耶穌所攻擊的人。
  • 但是,堅守盟約的法利塞人有沒有問題呢?有的,他們的問題就是以為堅守盟約,便能得到天主的救援。
  • 因為,從舊約時代開始,先知早已宣佈,天主要的是人心的改造,而不單單是堅守行為。到耶穌時代,更宣告天主的恩寵是白白的施予!就如耶穌宣告陽光照好人也照歹人的意思。